Where does the English language come from? The English language can be linked to tribes that existed a few thousand years ago. It has evolved not looking and sounding like any of the language from which it originated.
After being brought to the UK by Germanic tribes and other sources, it came under the influence of Latin and Greek during the days of St. Augustine and company who brought Christianity to the UK. Next, the language melded with Danish after which it was transformed to French.
The English language, a variety of languages from the very beginning, spanned from Old English, Middle English, and finally standard English.
Ebonics, or African American Vernacular also came from a variety of languages. The use of the language in many communities worldwide stems from popular culture influences from rap musicians to the Southern vernacular. especially in various parts of the United States. It is believed that Ebonics came from a mix of African languages, creole and pidgin, which came under the influence of English in the United States before the Civil War.
The language is rule-governed, which makes it different from slang and other nonstandard English. For example, the verb to be stays in the infinitive when it is conjugated with pronouns: I be, you be, he be and so on. Other words that are considered part of AAVE such as ax (asked) had been used by white people in the United States some 200 years ago. Finally, the most common form of AAVE drops the is and are form in a contraction so instead of saying she’s going, interlocutors say she going.
Positive and negative attitudes toward standard and nonstandard speech are extended to the speakers themselves. Speakers of nonstandard forms are thought to be uneducated, but increasingly that is not the case as more people speak both standard and nonstandard English, depending upon the speech community in which the are interacting.
Tom Jones thrilled party-goers in the United States 50 years ago.
Tom Jones gyrated back in the day just like Elvis, though he was not as well known. Ask a young person today who Tom Jones was and you’ll get a shoulder shrug and eyebrows extended to the hairline followed by an I-don’t-know.
His signature–tight pants and almost-unbuttoned shirt revealing burly man-hair–captivated audiences when he sang onstage in Las Vegas some 50 years ago.
Jones isn’t retired just yet. At 72, his look-alike 50-something son manages his gigs, which feature music that varies from country to shmaltz. With songs such as “She’s a Lady” and “What’s new Pussy Cat” under his belt, his raspy baritone is still heard, but mostly in Europe now.
Posters reveal the “new” Tom back in 2011, a man whose head no longer supports black locks. He’s gone gray. Viva na-tu-ral, Tom!
When I dream at night, I see the Fly TWA posters that used to hang on our patio wall. Sure wish I had some–they’re worth $900. The poster, In the Sultan’s Harem, above is much less. It’s one of the rare photos I shot that’s sharp and compelling–the essence of Arab retro.
Oh, the good-ole-days of Arab culture seem to be long gone now–as women cover themselves up, albeit most in fashionable, colorful prints, that extend seemingly forever over the body, leaving only the hands and face to the elements.
This piece of text and image is classic Arab nostalgia, a time in the Arab lands when belly-dancers were as common as tabouli. As the strict Islamic tenants spread across the Middle East and North Africa, belly dancers are few and far between today. And in the rare cases you see them their bodies are completely covered.
When I was in Luxor, Egypt, I wondered how the dancers could stay cool in motion, all covered up in layers of long sleeve garments that extend from their heads to their toes. To be sure, they had the flowing outfits, but no mid-drifts nor see-through material. Oddly enough, though, the men who accompanied the dancers went shirtless.
If the pendulum swings leftward, the belly dancers are sure to return, but, at this point and time, no one really knows what’s going to happen. The harems could be gone for good.